Sea Lion Research Paper
Operation Sea Lion - Wikipedia
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (German: Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom ...
Sea Lion Research Paper
A fifth photograph (not shown) is an almost identical view of the carcass on the deck, and provides no additional information. Eventually the odd selachian was given the scientific name , and was determined to represent a new species, genus, and family of shark (welfare and fairley 19). Sharks like other fish have both white and red muscle (fowler 19ims 1997).
The size of the carcass clearly indicates an older specimen. Sketch of the zuyiyo-maru carcass, made by michihiko yano about two months after carcass was examined and thrown overboard. Meanwhile, american and european scientists interviewed about carcass mystery generally downplayed the sea-monster theory, as reported by a number of newspapers and wire services ( ).
This is consistent with the known cranial remains of a basking shark, which have been specifically described as resembling a turtle head (omura, mochizuki, and kamiya 1978, p 59). In plesiosaurs, bones of all limbs were situated at the ventral (lower) portion of the body therefore, if the creature were a decayed plesiosaur, it is likely the limbs would have already been detached from the body (hasegawa and uyeno 1978, p 63). Its jaws were filled with hundreds of tiny teeth, and opened at the top rather than at the bottom as in most other sharks.
One of the photos (figure 1c) shows an apparent dorsal fin, as illustrated in figures 5). Such fibrous tissues on other basking shark carcasses evidently prompted some reports of sea monster corposes with white manes of hair (heuvelmans 19). After all, even among a group of fishermen someone should have realized that a prehistoric sea-monster would be worth incalculably more both financially and scientifically than a load of mackerel.
Cross section of the back bone (150 mm). Such features are characteristic of ceratotrichia, the cartilaginous fibers of shark fin rays. The carcass reportedly smelled like a dead marine mammal, and lacked an ammonia smell characteristic of shark carcasses (hasegawa and uyeno 1978, p 65).
The report stated that the horny fibersampled from the carcass was similar in nature to the fin rays a group of living animals. Jerlstrom, 1998 , affiliated with the creationist groups aig and cmi, wrote detailed summarizes of most of the evidence i presented here, along with a supporting new case of another stranded basking shark. Obata and tomoda (1978, p 48) also suggest that unlike sharks, in which the nares (nostrils) are situated in the lower surface ofthe skull, the carcass had holes that yano called probably naresat the front end of the cranium. The morphology and chemical composition of the horny fiber from anunidentified creature captured off the coast of new zealand. Describing the september strandingomura, mochizuki, and kamiya (1978, p 59-60) wrote, the jaws and gill-arches were missing, and the cranium had a somewhat turtle-like appearance.
Steller sea lion - Wikipedia
The Steller sea lion (Eumetopias jubatus), also known as the northern sea lion and Steller's sea lion, is a near-threatened species of sea lions in the northern Pacific.
Sea Lion Research Paper
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Sea Lion Research Paper
Unfortunately, many creationists continued to promote the plesiosaur interpretation long after 1978, including ian taylor (1984, 1987, 1989, 1996), paul taylor (1984, 1987), baugh (1987), peterson (1988), baker (1988), dye (1989), bartz (1990, 1992), buckna (1993), and morris (1993, 1997). Sea-monster or Shark: An Alleged Modern Plesiosaur.
Also, Yasuda and taki (1978) considered the sketch inherently unreliable.
At the existing degree of decomposition, a plesiosaur would probably have retained its upper jaws and teeth (hasegawa and uyeno 1978, p 63), but no teeth were reported in the specimen carcass (obata and tomoda 1978, A basking shark, however,is known to easily loose both jaws, and even if it retained the upper jaw.
Sea-Monster or Shark: An Alleged Plesiosaur Carcass
When they do this, the dorsal and tail fins protruding from the water can be,and sometimes have been, mistaken for multiple humps and headof a long-bodied sea-monster (sweeney 19 ellis 19). After all, many other modern animal groups existed during the mesozoic era, such as crocodiles, lizards, snakes, and various fish. Despite the possible scientific significance of the find, the captain and crew agreed that the foul-smelling corpse should be thrown overboard to avoid spoiling the fish catch. When the basking shark decays, the jaws and loosely attached gill arches often fall away first, leaving the appearance of a long neck and small head (see figure 4). Identification of thecarcass trawled by the zuiyo-maru from a comparative morphologicalviewpoint.
The carcass could have lost some length through tail loss (discussed below), but the neck to torso ratio would still be incompatible with plesiosaurs. The morphology and chemical composition of the horny fiber from anunidentified creature captured off the coast of new zealand. Recently two creationists have written more accurate but still incomplete summaries of the case. The animal in question likely died in late march or early april, which is late summer in new zealand. Japan, russia, and korea were reportedly streaming toward new zealand in hopes of resnagging the hastily discarded creature.
This unique hydrothermal behavior is characteristic of elastoidin (kimura, fujii, and others 1978, p 68). Situated on the coastal regions of gabon, the gamba complex of protected areas is home to an astonishing array of wildlife in some of the most incredible settings that can still be seen on this planet. The v-shaped along the vertebral column (figure 1c and 5), and near the pectoral girdle (figure 1a) were identified as myocommata by omura, mochizuki, and kamiya 1978, p 56-57). This will help scientist keep a track of critical information about each individual bear such as weight, size and location. The combined anatomical evidence thus strongly indicates a shark and and effectively rules out a plesiosaur. Another 1996 creatioist article in the british publication reviewed the case and conclided the weight of the evidence points to the new zealand carcass being a decomposed basking shark. Although it is fortunate that yano thought to take tissue samples, had he or others on board saved the animals head or even a vertebra (which could have been sealed in a bucket or other container to avoid fish contamination), much time, effort, and speculation could have been avoided. Bubbling with excitement, one japanese citizen confided that he thought sea-monsters were imaginary creatures but danced when i read in the newspaper that it was still alive! (koster 1977). Copies of the carcassphotographs had reached scientists at the tokyo university of fisheries, including its president dr. The carcass reportedly smelled like a dead marine mammal, and lacked an ammonia smell characteristic of shark carcasses (hasegawa and uyeno 1978, p 65).Sea-monster or Shark: An Alleged Modern Plesiosaur
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Overall 1978 reports provided strong evidence favoring the shark identification, and no substantial objections to it. Know someone who loves tigers? Theyll love you for protecting these big cats from poachers. Most seemed unaware of the 1978 resarch and reports. Tokio shikama of the yokohama national university also supported the monster theme, stating, it has to be a plesiosaurus. Indeed, by the time yano drew the sketch (two months after the netting) the plesiosaur idea had become popular, and yano had become something of a celebrity over it (koster 1977).
These include (but are not limited to), the famous stronsa beast of orkney islands, scotland (1808), the raritan bay carcass of new jersey (1822), the henry island, british columbia carcass (1934) and the querqueville monster, france, also in 1934 Buy now Sea Lion Research Paper
There are 40-50 pieces of transparent, nylon-like cartilages roundish in cross section, around the tips and limbs. Kimura, fujii, and others (1978, p 72) noted that a statistical test called the difference index (di) gave the extremely low value of. As the massivecreature, weighing about 4000 pounds, was drawn toward the ship and then hoisted above the deck, assistant production manager michihiko yano announced to the captain (akira tanaka), its a rotten whale! However, as yano got a better look at the creature, he became less sure. However, 6 to 7 cervical vertebrae is not consistent with plesiosaurs and other marine reptiles. Composition was determined byjlc-3bc liquid chromatography (jeol co Sea Lion Research Paper Buy now
The ribs were measured as 40 cm (about 16 inches) long, which is far too short for plesiosaurs or other marine vertebrates except sharks (hasegawa and uyeno, p 65). The authors seemed to depict the report as being based on their own research, but the great bulk of it simply repeated (almost verbatim in places) large sections of my earlier report, crediting only one of my statements on muscle tissue. On the nature of the carcassof a large vertebrate found off new zealand. Also, even when alive, basking sharks are known to emit a unique, highly offensive odor of their own (steel 19) which could have overpowered any ammonia smell. Some even complained that the press was suppressing the plesiosaur story (bartz 19 taylor 1996), despite its coverage in dozens of popular books and articles, and the fact that it was often presented in a way more favorable to the plesiosaur interpretation than the evidence warranted Buy Sea Lion Research Paper at a discount
Yano himself acknowledged that to the best of this recollection the front fins were somewhat larger than the rear (koster 1977). On this web page brown retracts his previous endorsement of the plesiosaur id and acknolwdeges that the carcass is a likely basking shark. Summarizingthis process, omura, mochizuki, and kamiya (1978, p 59) state,. Sharks like other fish have both white and red muscle (fowler 19ims 1997). The ribs were measured as 40 cm (about 16 inches) long, which is far too short for plesiosaurs or other marine vertebrates except sharks (hasegawa and uyeno, p 65).
The rostrum (nose tip) may also have been lost, but would not appreciably affect the overall body length or proportions Buy Online Sea Lion Research Paper
However, basking sharks are known from many temperate parts of the world, including the waters around new zealand (burton and burton 1969 springer and gold 1989francis 1997). There are 40-50 pieces of transparent, nylon-like cartilages roundish in cross section, around the tips and limbs. Coincidentally, the megamouth is now considered a close relative of the basking shark. Christchurch, new zealand, when a large animal carcass became entangled in its nets at a depthof about 300 meters (almost 1000 feet). Recently two creationists have written more accurate but still incomplete summaries of the case.
It can grow to more than 30 feet in length, and specimens over 40 feet have been reported (soule 1981 freedman 1985 dingerkus 1985) Buy Sea Lion Research Paper Online at a discount
It also would have been wise to take more photos, including close-ups of the head and other body parts, rather than just a few distant shots. However, this cannot be confirmed, since no measurements or photos were taken of the pelvic fins. Major body segment measurements difficult to see in the drawing overall length 10000 mm, head length 450 mm, neck length 1,500 mm. It too has been evaluated as a probable basking shark, and was nicknamed the block ness monster (roesch 1996). There are 40-50 pieces of transparent, nylon-like cartilages roundish in cross section, around the tips and limbs.
After all, many other modern animal groups existed during the mesozoic era, such as crocodiles, lizards, snakes, and various fish Sea Lion Research Paper For Sale
Some witnesses denied the presence of a dorsal fin (obata and tomoda 1978). The carcass was thought to have died in an area somewhat south of the capture site, well within the known rangeof basking sharks (nasu 1978). Company executives were fascinated with the photos, some of which did appear to show an unusual animal with a long neck and small head. Although niermann (1994,p 103) and a few others (hasegawa and uyeno 1978) consideredthis the strongest argument against the shark theory, it isactually consistent with it. Its a gorillas paradise! Make someone special smile at such a unique and interesting gift! A simple rope or wire fence - smeared with chili grease, engine oil and dung - can help elephants live in harmony with local people For Sale Sea Lion Research Paper
Its jaws were filled with hundreds of tiny teeth, and opened at the top rather than at the bottom as in most other sharks. Even other young earth creationists have placed little confidence in goertzens arguments. The living animals referred to were sharks however, the report failed to state this plainly, leading to further confusion by the japanese media (sasaki 1978) and the continued spread of monster mania. Taylor 1984, 1978) photographs, measurements, and tissue samples all show that itwas probably a plesiosaur. Japanese scientist says that sea creature could be related to a shark species.
An august 1, 1977 article briefly discussed the south pacific monster without taking sides Sale Sea Lion Research Paper
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