Essays In Spanish
Practical Advice for Teachers of Heritage Learners of Spanish:...
Practical Advice for Teachers of Heritage Learners of Spanish: Essays by Classroom Teachers [Mike Peto, Adrienne Brandenburg, Jon Cowart, Jenna Cushing-Leubner ...
Essays In Spanish
The spanish bourgeoisie saw their chance of crushing the labour movement, and took it, aided by the nazis and by the forces of reaction all over the world. One of the effects of safe and civilized life is an immense oversensitiveness which makes all the primary emotions seem somewhat disgusting. .
Also, although it has ceased to be fashionable to say so, there is little question that what one may roughly call the whites commit far more and worse atrocities than the reds. I had come here to shoot at fascists but a man who is holding up his trousers isnt a fascist, he is visibly a fellow-creature, similar to yourself, and you dont feel like shooting at him. The plant is blind and stupid, but it knows enough to keep pushing upwards towards the light, and it will do this in the face of endless discouragements.
Our memories are short nowadays, but look back a bit, dig out the files of , and just have a look at the romantic warmongering muck that our left-wingers were spilling at that time. Ditto, though it contains a partial truth, with all the talk about the worthlessness of social reconstruction not accompanied by a change of heart. Part of the price we paid for the systematic lying of 1914-17 was the exaggerated pro-german reaction which followed.
Well, their testimony made no impression at all upon the franco propagandists, not one of whom had set foot in government spain. The rest have gone down into utter silence. For the last eighteen months of the war the republican armies must have been fighting almost without cigarettes, and with precious little food.
I could relate a dozen similar incidents, not really communicable but bound up in my own mind with the special atmosphere of the time, the shabby clothes and the gay-coloured revolutionary posters, the universal use of the word comrade, the anti-fascist ballads printed on flimsy paper and sold for a penny, the phrases like international proletarian solidarty, pathetically repeated by ignorant men who believed them to mean something. In spain, for a while, people were acting consciously, moving towards a goal which they wanted to reach and believed they could reach. The intelligentsia are the people who squeal loudest against fascism, and yet a respectable proportion of them collapse into defeatism when the pinch comes.
The fact often adduced as a reason for scepticism that the same horror stories come up in war after war merely makes it rather more likely that these stories are true. Instantly i was surrounded by a ring of shouting men fascist! Fascist! Let that man go! This isnt a bourgeois army. The most baffling thing in the spanish war was the behaviour of the great powers. The fascists won because they were the stronger they had modern arms and the others hadnt. They were very hard on stealing in the militia, and in theory people could be shot for it.
George Orwell: Looking back on the Spanish War
Looking back on the Spanish War, the essay of George Orwell. First published: 1943 by/in New Road, GB, London
Essays In Spanish
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But in spain in 1936 we were not living in a normal time. I remember saying once to arthur koestler, history stopped in 1936, at which he nodded in immediate understanding.
The essential horror of army life (whoever has been a soldier will know what i mean by the essential horror of army life) is barely affected by the nature of the war you happen to be fighting in. Yet in a way, horrible as all this was, it was unimportant.
Order custom research academic papers from the best trusted company. By this time i was a cabo, or corporal, in command of twelve men.
The implied accusation of theft would not have been made any better, probably somewhat worse, by my efforts to make amends, There must be a quite large number of people, a sort of central core of the intelligentsia.
Now i have plenty of other disgusting things in my memory, but i believe it was these latrines that first brought home to me the thought, so often to recur here we are, soldiers of a revolutionary army, I never saw the italian militiaman again.
In all the denunciations of versailles i listened to during those years i dont think i ever once heard the question, what would have happened if germany had won? Even mentioned, As best i could in my bad spanish i shouted back that orders had got to be obeyed, and the row developed into one of those enormous arguments by means of which discipline is gradually hammered out in revolutionary armies.
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I remember saying once to arthur koestler, history stopped in 1936, at which he nodded in immediate understanding. The fact often adduced as a reason for scepticism that the same horror stories come up in war after war merely makes it rather more likely that these stories are true. A british and a german historian would disagree deeply on many things, even on fundamentals, but there would still be that body of, as it were, neutral fact on which neither would seriously challenge the other. Simultaneously these people refused utterly to admit the fact of german or italian intervention at the same time as the germany and italian press were openly boasting about the exploits of their legionaries. Well, the same people who in 1933 sniggered pityingly if you said that in certain circumstances you would fight for your country, in 1937 were denouncing you as a trotsky-fascist if you suggested that the stories in about freshly wounded men clamouring to get back into the fighting might be exaggerated.
It is just this common basis of agreement, with its implication that human beings are all one species of animal, that totalitarianism destroys. There is only german science, jewish science, etc. During the years 1918-33 you were hooted at in left-wing circles if you suggested that germany bore even a fraction of responsibility for the war. It was lost, and the dividend-drawers all over the world rubbed their hands. I saw great battles reported where there had been no fighting, and complete silence where hundreds of men had been killed.
The broad truth about the war is simple enough. Too ignorant to see through the trick that is being played on them, they easily swallow the promises of fascism, yet sooner or later they always take up the struggle again. In the same period the right, the atrocity-mongers of 1914-18, were gazing at nazi germany and flatly refusing to see any evil in it. The hatred which the spanish republic excited in millionaires, dukes, cardinals, play-boys, blimps, and what-not would in itself be enough to show one how the land lay. What was most painful of all was that he seemed no less ashamed after his innocence had been established. If it had been won, the cause of the common people everywhere would have been strengthened. There is not the slightest doubt, for instance, about the behaviour of the japanese in china. By that time one did not need to be a clairvoyant to foresee that war between britain and germany was coming one could even foretell within a year or two when it would come. But here were the very people who for twenty years had hooted and jeered at the glory of war, at atrocity stories, at patriotism, even at physical courage, coming out with stuff that with the alteration of a few names would have fitted into the of 1918. The nazis and the italians gave arms to the spanish fascist friends, and the western democracies and the russians didnt give arms to those who should have been their friends.essay - Translation to Spanish, pronunciation, and forum discussions
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The common people knew in their bones that the republic was their friend and franco was their enemy. Those who take the sword perish by the sword, and those who dont take the sword perish by smelly diseases. The essential horror of army life (whoever has been a soldier will know what i mean by the essential horror of army life) is barely affected by the nature of the war you happen to be fighting in. Their line and ours here lay three hundred yards apart, at which range our aged rifles would not shoot accurately, but by sneaking out to a spot about a hundred yards from the fascist trench you might, if you were lucky, get a shot at someone through a gap in the parapet. The other memory is of the italian militiaman who shook my hand in the guardroom, the day i joined the militia Buy now Essays In Spanish
In 1936 it was clear to everyone that if britain would only help the spanish government, even to the extent of a few million pounds worth of arms, franco would collapse and german strategy would be severely dislocated. The plant is blind and stupid, but it knows enough to keep pushing upwards towards the light, and it will do this in the face of endless discouragements. The common people knew in their bones that the republic was their friend and franco was their enemy. With the working class it is the other way about. For a few minutes i had half believed him to be a thief, and that could not be wiped out.
When they enthused over the spanish war they knew, of course, that people were being killed and that to be killed is unpleasant, but they did feel that for a soldier in the spanish republican army the experience of war was somehow not degrading Essays In Spanish Buy now
I myself think it was right, because i believe that it is better even from the point of view of survival to fight and be conquered than to surrender without fighting. What a crew! Think of a programme which at any rate for a while could bring hitler, petain, montagu norman, pavelitch, william randolph hearst, streicher, buchman, ezra pound, juan march, cocteau, thyssen, father coughlin, the mufti of jerusalem, arnold lunn, antonescu, spengler, beverley nichols, lady houston, and marinetti all into the same boat! But the clue is really very simple. In 1936 it was clear to everyone that if britain would only help the spanish government, even to the extent of a few million pounds worth of arms, franco would collapse and german strategy would be severely dislocated Buy Essays In Spanish at a discount
The fact often adduced as a reason for scepticism that the same horror stories come up in war after war merely makes it rather more likely that these stories are true. But the laws of nature are not suspended for a red army any more than for a white one. He was a feeble creature, and i seized hold of him and began to drag him towards his post. Then as soon as war broke out it was the pro-nazis of yesterday who were repeating horror stories, while the anti-nazis suddenly found themselves doubting whether the gestapo really existed. So for all practical purposes the lie will have become truth.
That was the real issue all else was froth on its surface. Petain attributes the fall of france to the common peoples love of pleasure Buy Online Essays In Spanish
You have only to glance at the to see that they believed that exactly similar blah is being written about the red army at this moment. We were in a ditch, but behind us were two hundred yards of flat ground with hardly enough cover for a rabbit. At this moment, a man presumably carrying a message to an officer, jumped out of the trench and ran along the top of the parapet in full view. The truth, it is felt, becomes untruth when your enemy utters it. At the outbreak of war the average spanish factory-worker did not even know how to fire a rifle (there had never been universal conscription in spain), and the traditional pacifism of the left was a great handicap.
The fact that such a platitude is worth writing down shows what the years of i have little direct evidence about the atrocities in the spanish civil war Buy Essays In Spanish Online at a discount
Some said i was right, others said i was wrong. Not one of those who preach against materialism would consider life livable without these things. I could relate a dozen similar incidents, not really communicable but bound up in my own mind with the special atmosphere of the time, the shabby clothes and the gay-coloured revolutionary posters, the universal use of the word comrade, the anti-fascist ballads printed on flimsy paper and sold for a penny, the phrases like international proletarian solidarty, pathetically repeated by ignorant men who believed them to mean something. One of the effects of safe and civilized life is an immense oversensitiveness which makes all the primary emotions seem somewhat disgusting Essays In Spanish For Sale
Some thousands of foreigners who fought in spain, not to mention millions of spaniards, were witnesses of this. Why? Because they were pro-fascist, was the obvious answer. Orders have to be obeyed and enforced by punishment if necessary, the relationship of officer and man has to be the relationship of superior and inferior. In all the denunciations of versailles i listened to during those years i dont think i ever once heard the question, what would have happened if germany had won? Even mentioned, let alone discussed. Unfortunately the ground between was a flat beet field with no cover except a few ditches, and it was necessary to go out while it was still-dark and return soon after dawn, before the light became too good For Sale Essays In Spanish
We were both thinking of totalitarianism in general, but more particularly of the spanish civil war. But unfortunately the truth about atrocities is far worse than that they are lied about and made into propaganda. They knew that they were in the right, because they were fighting for something which the world owed them and was able to give them. One of the essential experiences of war is never being able to escape from disgusting smells of human origin. The officer ordered him to take his clothes off.
There is, for instance, no such thing as science. Nor is there much doubt about the long tale of fascist outrages during the last ten years in europe. Time after time, in country after country, the organized working-class movements have been crushed by open, illegal violence, and their comrades abroad, linked to themin theoretical solidarity, have simply looked on and done nothing and underneath this, secret cause of many betrayals, has lain the fact that between white and coloured workers there is not even lip-service to solidarity Sale Essays In Spanish
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